Swachh Survekshan 2023 : Evaluating India’s Rural Sanitation Progress

Swachh Survekshan 2023

India’s commitment to achieving cleanliness and improved sanitation has been reinforced through initiatives like the Swachh Survekshan. The Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS) is once again inviting eligible firms to participate in the “Swachh Survekshan Grameen (SSG) – 2023.” This survey aims to comprehensively assess and rank states and districts based on sanitation parameters, emphasizing both quantitative and qualitative aspects. In this blog, we delve into the holistic perspective of Swachh Survekshan 2023, exploring its objectives, methodologies, and significance beyond mere rankings.

Swachh Survekshan 2023 theme

The Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2023 aims to evaluate sanitation progress in rural areas of India. This assessment involves a meticulous evaluation of states and districts on various sanitation parameters, from waste management to public hygiene. The survey is more than a mere ranking mechanism; it is an endeavor to measure the effectiveness of the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) and encourage sustainable sanitation practices.

Objective and Parameters

The primary objectives of Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2023 are multi-faceted. It seeks to rank states and districts based on their performance in achieving key SBM(G) phase 2.0 parameters, incorporating feedback from citizens, and direct observations. These parameters includes sanitation coverage, solid and liquid waste management, sustainability of Open Defecation Free (ODF) status, sanitation in public places etc.


Sanitation Coverage: Touching Every Life

Sanitation coverage extends beyond just infrastructure. Swachh Survekshan 2023 takes a holistic approach by assessing the accessibility and usage of sanitation facilities across states and districts. This parameter gauges the effectiveness of sanitation initiatives in reaching every household and individual. A comprehensive sanitation network is essential for promoting health, hygiene, and overall well-being.

Solid and Liquid Waste Management: Transforming Waste into Resources

Effective waste management is the cornerstone of a clean environment. Swachh Survekshan evaluates how well states and districts manage solid and liquid waste. This includes assessing waste collection, segregation, recycling, and proper disposal practices. Embracing sustainable waste management not only keeps our surroundings clean but also contributes to environmental conservation.

Sustainability of ODF Status: Upholding Hygiene Habits

Achieving Open Defecation Free (ODF) status is a milestone, but maintaining it is equally significant. Swachh Survekshan 2023 examines the efforts made by regions to sustain their ODF status. This parameter reflects the adherence to hygiene practices and the prevention of the resurgence of open defecation habits. It highlights the importance of lasting behavioral changes for enduring cleanliness.

Sanitation in Public Places: A Reflection of Civic Responsibility

The state of sanitation in public places mirrors a society’s commitment to cleanliness. Swachh Survekshan acknowledges the significance of hygiene in schools, religious sites, markets, and other communal spaces. This parameter evaluates the availability and maintenance of sanitation facilities, waste management practices, and overall cleanliness. A clean environment in public areas contributes to healthier communities.

SSG 2023 Checklist : 

  • Overall cleanness 
  • Solid Waste Management  
  • Liquid Waste Management  
  • Fecal Sludge Management
  • ODF+ Operations & IMIS Reporting 
  • Support Enhancement & IMIS Reporting 
  • Individual Household level facilities 
  • Community level facilities 
  • Village Level Facilities 

Survey Agency’s Role

The selected survey agency shoulders the responsibility of conducting a nationwide Swachhata ranking under SBM(G) and producing comprehensive “Swachh Survekshan Grameen-2023” reports. The agency’s tasks encompass preparing toolkits, developing survey and ranking protocols, training surveyors, carrying out field surveys, ensuring data accuracy, and facilitating stakeholder engagement. Furthermore, the agency must implement a media strategy to enhance awareness about the survey’s significance.

Beyond Rankings: Implications

While rankings attract attention, the true impact of Swachh Survekshan Grameen extends beyond numbers. It promotes healthy competition among states and districts, encouraging them to adopt effective sanitation practices. By engaging Gram Panchayats and citizens in the assessment process, the survey instigates a sense of ownership and drives collaborative efforts to improve program implementation.

Challenges and Evolution

Recognizing the dynamic nature of sanitation challenges, the survey seeks to evolve continually. It aims to incorporate technology and data analytics for more accurate assessments. Addressing criticisms, it aims to become more inclusive and sensitive to diverse urban contexts, acknowledging that every region faces unique sanitation challenges.

The Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2023 signifies more than just rankings; it embodies a commitment to fostering a cleaner and healthier India. By evaluating sanitation practices holistically, considering both quantitative data and qualitative impact, the survey encourages sustainable change. As we await the results of this year’s assessment, it’s clear that the journey toward Swachh Bharat continues, driven by the collective efforts of citizens, administrations, and dedicated survey agencies

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I am Shobhit Kumar author of this blog. With a background in Construction Technology & Management, I have conducted extensive research on SBM Phase I & II and I am passionate about sharing this information to help others

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